how to start a dog breeding business

How To Start A Dog Breeding Business: Tips For Beginners

Elena Hudgens
By Elena Hudgens 20 Min Read

Do you love dogs and want to start a dog breeding business? Also, want to know how to start a dog breeding business? 

Congratulations! You’ve come to the right place. Owning a dog breeding business may seem overwhelming at first, but it’s easier than you think. On average, one female dog breeds about eight times in her lifetime, so there will be plenty of puppies for you to raise and sell.

It’s important to remember that you need to do your research before starting your breeding business. From learning how much it costs and what steps to take next, here are some tips for beginners looking to get into this lucrative industry.

Get the information you need to start your own dog breeding business and decide if it’s a good fit for you.

10 Steps To Steps To Starting A Dog Breeding Business

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Starting a dog breeding business is an excellent way for dog enthusiasts with a knack for running a small business to combine their loves while also reaping financial rewards.

If you’re planning to start a dog breeding business, but don’t know how to start a dog breeding business. Then, you’ll need to get a few things in order first, just like any other business. So to help you out, we have put together this simple guide on how to start a dog breeding business. 

These steps will ensure that your new venture is well planned and compliant with all legal requirements.

1. Do your Research

A dog breeder is someone that breeds dogs for a living. Their job entails finding out which kind of breed will be the most profitable, buying them from other sources, and then selling them to people looking for pets or show animals.

Dog breeding is one of the most challenging professions in animal care because it requires extensive knowledge about genetics and how best to take care of these different types at various stages during their lives.

Dog breeders also need to know what type would work best with families who have small children. They must understand all health requirements, including any hereditary diseases they may develop over time, and ensure that they’re up-to-date on shots or vaccinations if needed. 

Since becoming a professional dog breeder isn’t easy, anyone considering this career should make sure he has a lot of experience raising puppies before getting involved.

2. Take a Dog Breeding Course

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If you’re looking for a career and just love animals, then look no further than dog breeding. 

Breeding dogs is an art that requires patience, skill, and knowledge of canine genetics. It also helps if the breeder has some background in animal science or veterinary medicine and is financially capable of handling all aspects of running their own business from home or elsewhere. 

If this sounds like something, you might want to pursue taking a course on how to breed your line of quality puppies while at it. 

The dog breeding course is eight weeks long and offered in-person, online, or a combination of both. It includes lectures on dog behaviour, breeding basics, and evaluating potential studs/bitches for healthier lines and more good litters. You will also learn about the history of purebred dogs and the most popular breeds today.

3. Register your Dog Breeding Business

Once you have determined that your breeding business will be profitable, you’ve learned the first two steps of how to start a dog breeding business. The next step is to register with the IRS

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires all breeders who sell puppies and kittens for a profit of $500 or more in a year to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN). A breeder may also need other types of licenses depending on where they do business. These vary from state to state, so it’s best if you contact them directly about licensing requirements specific to your location before registering with the IRS.

The following steps will help guide you through this process: 

  1.  Check if there are requirements for registering under one of these categories: Animal Farms or Horse Businesses; Dog Breeders or Kennels; Pet Shops. 
  1. Fill out Form SS4 (Application for Employer Identification Number); wait four weeks before completing form W8BEN (Request by Foreign Person for Reduced Tax Withholding). 
  1.  Obtain identification numbers from local government offices, such as completing an application either online or on paper at this link. If filing paper, use Form SS – 3. Application For Employer Identification Number filed by individuals requesting employer identification number to complete individual income tax return forms.

The process can take several weeks, so it is important to start early but once registered, this information needs only be updated every five years. Do not worry if you don’t have all of these requirements because we offer free consultation services.

4. Concentrate on a Specific Breed 

Whether you’re starting with a new dog breed or not, it’s good to do your research. 

Especially if you’re breeding for the first time! If you already have an idea of what kind of dog breeds suits which type of lifestyle best, then make that one your priority. However, if this is your first time starting out in the world of dogs (or even breeding them), choose one single breed and make sure to pick up on any requirements for that specific type beforehand.

Different breeds can have different temperaments and requirements, so it is important to be aware of the traits and potential health problems for each dog breed before you decide on one. Large breeds need a lot more space and exercise than other kinds of dogs, so keep that in mind when picking out your pup. 

Top dog breed tip: The Kennel Club website has an easy overview of all the top dogs you could adopt including temperament issues or potential health problems should they arise.

  • Avoid Trend Breeding

Why would you want to breed with the sole intention of meeting a trend, and what are your plans once that trend ends? Think practically and diplomatically when you’re willing to know how to start a dog breeding business.

101 Dalmatians resulted in an explosive demand for dalmatian puppies, only to have a huge number of those dogs end up in shelters when the owners realized they could not cope with the breed. Game of Thrones did the same thing for huskies.

Unscrupulous breeders took advantage of this demand and bred for speed instead of good genetics, releasing animals with health and temperamental issues into new homes that had no idea how to deal with them. The people who bought these animals tried turning two working dog breeds into lapdogs-the results never turned out well (especially because it’s unfair on them). 

Until humans stop being influenced by media trends/trend breeds will remain a thing, but it is unfortunate that we can’t appreciate what makes each individual dog unique until all other potential choices are gone.

Breeding to trend is a very dangerous practice. It can lead the buyer off of a financial cliff and create serious ethical issues. In order for this business to be successful in the long run, it’s best if you don’t breed with these trends at all!

5. Right Licences and Permits

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Little things like this can take the stress out of your life. The thought that you’re operating an illegal business is a terrifying one, and it can put a damper on all aspects of the business. 

When you worry about being shut down at any moment for something as simple as not having an up-to-date license or permit from the city council, little does anybody know, though–it’s often easier to get these licenses than people think!

Using a limited liability company (LLC) business form for dog breeders is advantageous. It establishes a barrier between the business’s assets and finances and the owner’s finances and assets. The owner’s assets are not at risk if the company issues or defaults on a debt.

The complete process should only cost a few hundred dollars in most states. The owner will choose a unique name for the LLC when formed.

You’ll need health certificates for both dog parents and be required by law to offer them with their titles (AKC/CKC). In other areas, however, selling pets is against the local policy, so breeders will just be able to see customers outside their immediate vicinity instead.

6. Insurance your Dog Breeding Business

For complete coverage, a dog breeding business needs various forms of insurance:

  • A general liability insurance policy should cover the business if one of its clients is injured while on the premises. Liability insurance can assist in covering costs such as legal fees, fees, and medical bills.
  • Commercial property insurance can cover the cost of damaged or destroyed equipment during an event like a fire.
  • Worker’s compensation insurance helps employers cover costs such as missed earnings and medical expenditures that may arise if a worker is hurt on the job.

The cost of insurance depends on a variety of criteria, including the company’s location, the value of its equipment, and the number of personnel on staff. Don’t just compare premiums while you’re comparing quotes. Instead, think about coverage limits, exclusions, and deductibles, among other things.

7. Location


A dog breeding business is a popular pet service. As such, finding the best location for your prospective company can be difficult due to increased competition from other breeders and animal shelters in the area. 

To determine where you should set up shop, first do some research about any local businesses or organizations that may be interested in what you are doing so as not to step on their toes when trying again to settle down somewhere new.

The best locations have large lots with plenty of space to move around, so why do rural areas tend to be popular choices for this type of business. Not only do they often offer more room, but they may also be easier on your budget because the cost per acre will likely be lower than in an urban setting where prices are higher due to demand and limited supply.

This will also help with marketing by allowing people who share your love of dogs to know precisely where they need to go next time they want one!

8. Funding

Buying a dog is just the beginning! You’ll need to invest in insurance, license fees, and permits; spend money on veterinary care; and also be prepared for an initial investment of time. And remember: these costs will accumulate as you go through your business!

  • Initial Funding

Startup costs for a dog breeding business are significant and the owner must have the money upfront. Leasing a building simply doesn’t work well with this type of business. In addition to paying for rent, owners will need to:

  • For breeding purposes, purchase a female dog.
  • You can either pay a stud fee to the male dog owner or purchase one outright.
  • Maintain the health of the dogs by paying for regular veterinarian visits.
  • After the puppies are born, the mother and puppies should live in a sterile environment.
  • The dogs can spend time outside in a fenced area that is safe for them.
  • Install cameras and locks on buildings and gates to provide security for the facility.

When it comes to reputable breeders, they will want to register their business with the American Kennel Club (AKC). This legitimizes them and makes customers more likely to purchase. Depending on where your shop is located, you may need licenses or permits from local county governing bodies.

  • Ongoing Funding

Dogs will need food and veterinary care. These costs aren’t significantly more than what occurs with a family’s pet, but the cost for the breeder to take their dog to doggy daycare or other places may be an issue as well as if they choose not to neuter/spay their animal. The amount of time needed after puppies are born may also prove difficult without help from others which means hiring someone who can be present when the owner isn’t (maybe there are liability insurance policies).

  • Funding After Puppies Are Born

The puppies’ vet bills will increase after they’re born because veterinarian appointments and vaccinations are included in the fee. From a breeder’s perspective, AKC papers must be obtained to charge the customer an appropriate price for their dog. The male and female parents both need AKC papers as well- registering them individually with the AKC is important too, which should cost less than $50 but can also be done more quickly for an additional fee.

9. Create a website

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A website needs to be created for a dog breeding business. The company should offer healthy and high-quality puppies delivered to the client’s home or workplace to make it convenient for them. The site should also provide information about different breeds of available dogs, how much each type costs, what kind of care is needed (such as grooming), and relevant health issues associated with specific breeds like epilepsy or hip dysplasia.

The Dog Breeding company has a website with the following features: 

1) A homepage provides information on different types of breeds, memberships (fee), and contact details.

2) Pages for each breed, including descriptions about them, their size/weight, the cost to purchase one from our business as well as other sources where they can be bought; current inventory; photos of some adult dogs in that breed currently available for adoption at our location or waiting to be bred (if applicable); links to social media accounts like the Facebook page if any are present.

10. Growing your Business

A business communication system can be used to make announcements or send messages. Each information is time-sensitive and will only display for a particular duration of time on the user’s screen. 

There are two ways to send messages on your dog breeding business account: the “mailer” feature and posting messages in forums and message boards. A mailer is an e-mail service that typically sends advertisements or marketing information directly from one user’s computer, without requiring them to visit any web pages or click-on links. This type of e-mail is sometimes called spamming because its primary goal may be advertisement rather than legitimate correspondence.

The main advantage of this type of emailing strategy for a breeder (or anyone else) who wants information about their dogs’ genetic backgrounds is that they can see all the necessary information at any given moment with no risk of missing anything important.

The sender pays companies like AOL, EarthLink, Yahoo! Gmail, SurveyMonkey, DocuSign, Mailchimp -all free services so they will transmit emails over their servers instead of through an ISP server.

The first thing to do when opening a dog breeding business is to write an outline on paper detailing all necessary steps needed with which you need to be prepared before opening day. 


Owning a dog breeding business may seem overwhelming at first, but it’s easier than you think. On average, one female dog breeds about eight times in her lifetime, so there will be plenty of puppies for you to raise and sell. 

From learning how much it costs and what steps to take next, we have mentioned top to bottom tips for beginners looking to get into this lucrative industry in this article. Get the information you need to start your own business and decide if it’s a good fit for you.

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Posted by Elena Hudgens
Elena Hudgens is an entrepreneur with 10+ years of experience. She started her journey by building her own e-commerce website on Shopify and turned her $1000 savings to millions in just 2 years. Soon she started different ventures in which she failed and succeeded. And now, she's on a mission to help other entrepreneurs with her life and business lessons.
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